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Lyjbv wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUÕi †mvbvjx AZxZ

 

Kj-KvKwj g~Lj, Kg©Pv‡j¨ fiv cÖwZwU g~ûZ© cÖwZwbqZ Kv‡ji M‡f© wejxb n‡q hv‡”Q| Kvj‡mªv‡Z †f‡m hv‡”Q NUbveûj eZ©gvb| Gi KZUzKzB ev ¯’vqx K‡i wb‡Z cv‡i BwZnv‡m| ZeyI A‡bK ¯§„wZ, Avb›' †e'bv, cvIqv-bv cvIqvi A‡bK gy‡Q hvIqv Aa¨vq mgy¾¡j n‡q Av‡Q BwZnv‡m| Avevi KZ e¨v_v-‡e'bv, Avb›' D”Qvm we¯§„wZwi Aš—iv‡j Zwj‡q hvq| Ggwbfv‡eB MZ n‡q †M‡Q GK kZvwãi AwaKKvj| we¯§„wZi wb‡P Pvcv c‡o †M‡Q Lyjbv wgDwbc¨vwjwUi †mvbvjx AZxZ| ¯§„wZPviY ev msi¶‡Yj Afv‡e wewjb n‡Z P‡j‡Q Lyjbv kn‡ii BwZnvm-HwZn¨|

 

wPi meyR my›'ie‡bi cv'‡'‡k cÖL¨vZ Ava¨vwZK mvaK cxi LvbRvnvb Avjxi ¯§„wZ weRwoZ iƒcmv, ˆfie we‡aŠZ Lyjbv bvgK ewa©òy Rbc‡' ax‡i ax‡i kni M‡o I‡V| AvR Zv gnvbMix iƒ‡c cwiwPwZ jvf K‡i‡Q| b'x-bvjv, Lvj-wej, meyR eY©vjx gv‡S wbt¯^‡M©i AvwObvq M‡o D‡V‡Q gnvbMix Lyjbv|

 

ÔLyjbvÕ bvgKi‡Yi DrcwË m¤^‡Ü bvbvb R‡bi bvbvb gZ i‡q‡Q| me‡P‡q †ekx Av‡jvwPZ gZ¸‡jv ‡nvj- †gŠRv ÔwKmgZ Lyjbv †_‡K Lyjbv; 1766 mv‡j ÔdjgvD_Õ Rvnv‡Ri bvweK‡'i D×viK…Z †iK‡W© wjwLZ ÔCulneaÕ kã †_‡K Lyjbv; Bs‡iR Avg‡ji gvbwP‡Î wjwLZ ÔJessore-CulnaÕ kã †_‡K Lyjbv,- †KvbwU mZ¨ Zv M‡elKiv wba©viY Ki‡eb| Z‡e Lyjbv †cIimfvi Rb¥e„Ëv‡š— Avm‡Z †M‡j †'Lv hvq †h, Lyjbv †cIi GjvKv AZx‡Z Rmi (h‡kvi) †Rjvi Aax‡b wQj Ges h‡kv‡ii gyijx _vbvi Aš—M©Z wQj| c‡i iƒcmv b'xi c~e© cv‡i Zvwjgcyi, kªxivgcyi (iwngbMi) Gi Kv‡Q my›'ie‡bi R½j †K‡U bZzb _vbv ¯’vcb Kiv nq Ges bvg †'qv nq ÔbIev'Õ (bqvev')| Kv‡iv g‡Z GB bZzb _vbv 1781 m‡b, Avevi Kv‡iv g‡Z 1836 m‡b m„wó nq| 1842 mv‡j Lyjbv gnKzgvi Rb¥ nq| D‡j­L¨, ZLbKvi Awef³ evsivi cÖ_g gnKzgv †nvj Lyjbv| c‡i Zvi cwiwa m¤cÖmvwiZ n‡q eZ©gv‡bi Lyjbv I ev‡MinvU †Rjv 'yÕwU wb‡q wQj Lyjbv gnKzgv| 1863 mv‡j ev‡MinvU ¯^Zš¿ gnKzgvq cwiYZ nq| b'x cvi n‡q gxR©vcyi gv‡Vi DËicÖv‡š— †MvjcvZvi N‡i GB gnKzgvi Kvh©vjq ¯’vbvš—wiZ nq Ges 1845 mv‡j †mLv‡b cÖ_g 'vjvb I‡V hv AvR‡K †Rjv cÖkvm‡Ki evmfeb| cÖ_g cÖkvmK wQ‡jb †WcywU wg. †kvi Ges w'e&Zxh gnKzgv nvwKg wQ‡jb mvwnwZ¨K ew¼g P›'ª U‡Ævcva¨vq| wZwb GB evmfe‡b e‡m Zuvi Dcb¨vm Ô'y‡M©k bw›'bxÕ iPbv K‡iwQ‡jb| c‡i 1882 mv‡ji 25 GwcÖ‡ji miKvix weÁwß Abyhvqx Lyjbv †Rjvi Rb¥ nq Ges ZrKvjxb h‡kvi †Rjvi Lyjbv I ev‡MinvU gnKzgv 'yÕwU Ges 24 ciMYv †Rjvi mvZ¶xiv gnKzgv wb‡q H mv‡ji 1 Ryb †_‡K GB bZzb †Rjvi KvR ïi“ nq| cÖ_g †Rjv g¨vwR‡óªU wQ‡jb wg. We­yD, Gg †K¬- Zvi bvgvbymv‡i kn‡ii †K¬-‡ivW n‡q‡Q|

 

Lyjbv, †Rjv kni n‡jI G K_v A‡b‡Ki Rvbv †bB †h, GB †Rjvi cÖ_g wgDwbwmc¨vwjwU †nv‡jv mvZ¶xivq 1869 mv‡ji 1 GwcÖj| †Rjvi wØZxq wgDwbwmc¨vwjwU †nv‡jv †'envUvq 1876 mv‡j Ges Zv 1955 mv‡j evwZj n‡q BDwbqb †ev‡W© cwiYZ nq|

 

‡Rjvi Z…Zxq wgDwbmc¨vwjwU †nv‡jv 1884 mv‡j Lyjbv kn‡i| 1884 mv‡ji 15 wW‡m¤^i wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi wØZxq mfvq fvBm †Pqvig¨vb evey ˆKjvm P›'ª KvwÄjv‡ji evox ÔmZ¨PiY nvDRÕ G mvgwqK e¨e¯’v wn‡m‡e wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi Awdm ¯’vcb Kiv nq Ges †mLv‡b KvR Pj‡Z _v‡K| †m fe‡bi Aw¯—Z¡ AvR Avi †bB, Z‡e Kv‡iv Kv‡iv g‡Z febwU eZ©gvb †cŠi fe‡bi Kv‡Q wQj|

 

Lyjbv wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi Rb¥e„Ëvš— LuyR‡Z wM‡q GK‡kv eQi Av‡Mi †M‡RU †KvjKvZv †_‡K msMÖn Kiv n‡q‡Q| Zv‡Z †'Lv hvq †h, ¯’vbxq KZ…©c‡¶i Aby‡gv'bµ‡g evsjvi †jd‡Ub¨v›U-MfY©i 1876 mv‡ji G¨v±, 5 (wewm) Gi 8bs avivg‡Z 1884 mv‡ji 1 RyjvB †_‡K KqjvNvU I wnjvZjv (Avm‡j †njvZjv)mn Lyjbv, evwbqvLvgvi, UzUcvov, †MveiPvKvmn wkLcvov (Avm‡j †kLcvov), b~ibv¸i (Avm‡j b~ibMi), PvivevwUmn wkeevUx, evwiqvcvovmn †QvU eqiv MÖvgmg~n wb‡q Lyjbv‡K 2q †kªYxi wgDwbwmc¨vwjwU Kivi Rb¨ 1884 mv‡ji 18†g GK weÁwß Rvix K‡ib Ges H weÁwß cÖKv‡ki GK gv‡mi g‡a¨ MÖnY‡hvM¨ AvcwË DÌvwcZ bv n‡j, cÖ¯—ve Kvh©Ki Kiv n‡e e‡j Rvbv‡bv nq| Ôw' K¨vjKvUv †M‡RUÕ G 1884 mv‡ji 28 †g msL¨vi 638 cvZvi gyw'ªZ wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi cÖ¯—vweZ †PŠnÏx wQj t Dˇi- ˆfie b'x, c~‡e© ˆfie I iƒcmv b'xmg~n, 'w¶‡Y- gwZqvLvjx Lvj, jeb‡Pviv Lvj, bvI'vivi Lvj Ges gBqv b'xi DËvivsk Ges cwð‡g- eo eqivi 'w¶Y c~e© Ask, †Mvqvjcvov Ges gyd¸bœx (Avm‡j gyR¸bœx)|

 

cieZ©x‡Z 1884 mv‡ji 8B †m‡Þ¤^‡ii weÁwß Øviv evsjvi †jc‡Ub¨v›U MfY©i Lyjbv‡K wgDwbwmc¨vwjwU †NvlYv K‡ib| GB weÁwßwU  Ôw' K¨vjKvUv †M‡RUÕ-G 1884 mv‡ji 17 †m‡Þ¤^i 953 cvZvq gyw'ªZ nq| weÁwß Abyhvqx KviYm¤§Z AvcwË covq †kKcvovmn †MveiPvKv Ges b~ibMi ev' w'‡q KqjvNvUvmn Lyjbv, †njvZjv, evwbqvLvgvi, UzUcvov, PvivevUxmn wkeevUx Ges evwiqvcvovmn †QvU eqiv wb‡q Lyjbv wgDwbwmc¨vwjwU 1884 mv‡ji 1 A‡±vei †_‡K Kvh©Ki Kiv nq| GB weÁwß Abyhvqx 1884 mv‡ji 1 RyjvB †_‡K Lyjbv wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi Rb¥- A_P cÖvß †iKW© Abyhvqx 1884 mv‡ji 13 wW‡m¤^i †_‡K Lyjbv wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi cÖ_g †Pqvig¨vb wn‡m‡e †ifv‡iÛ MMbP›'ª 'Ë Kvh©fvi MÖnY K‡ib| Zvn‡j Aš—eZ©xKvjxb 73 w'b †K †Pqvig¨v‡bi 'vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡ib? †m cÖ‡kœi DËi KLbI Luy‡R cvIqv m¤¢e nqwb|

 

Rvbv †M‡Q †h, 15 m'm¨ wewkó GKwU †evW© cÖ_‡g Lyjbv wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi cwiPvjbvq wQj, hvi g‡a¨ 10 Rb wbe©vwPZ m'm¨, 4 Rb c'vwaKvi e‡j Ges GRb g‡bvbxZ wQ‡jb| ïi“‡Z 4.64 eM©gvBj GjvKv wb‡q ïi“ nq Lyjbv wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi hvÎv| 1901-02 mv‡j †h 'kK †kl nq Zvi Mo evrmwiK Avq wQj 21,600/- UvKv Ges e¨q wQj 19,800/- UvKv| A_©vr Mo DØ„Ë 1,800/- UvKv| c¶vš—‡i 1993-94 mv‡j Avq wQj 3,38,43,459/- UvKv Ges e¨q wQj 3,32,18410/- UvKv| A_©vr DØ„Ë 6,25,049/- UvKv| cÖ_g eQ‡i wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi Av‡qi Drm wQj Ki'vZv‡'i evrmwiK Av‡qi 1% Ki, †nvwìs Ki I Rwgi Dci 12% Ki| Gi c‡ii eQ‡i wgDwbwmc¨vwjwU 35000/- UvKv wb‡æv³ Lv‡Z e¨q K‡i| cvwb mieivn Lv‡Z 14000/-, KÄvi‡fÝx Lv‡Z 6000/- wPwKrmv Lv‡Z 6200/- Ges Ab¨vb¨ Lv‡Z 4400/- UvKv|

 

1960 mv‡j ÔwgDwbwmc¨vwjwU G¨vWwgwb‡óªkb AwW©b¨vÝÕ Abyhvqx Lyjbv wgDwbwmc¨vj KwgwU cybM©wVZ nq Ges mxgvbv 4.64 eM©gvBj †_‡K 14.30 eM©gvB‡j m¤cÖmviY Kiv nq| ïi“‡Z gvÎ 6 nvRv‡ii gZ †cŠievmx _vK‡jI 1961 mv‡ji Av'gïgvix Abyhvqx †cŠievmxi msL¨v 'vovq 2,29,199 Rb Ges eZ©gvb †emiKvix wnmve Abyhvqx †cŠievmxi msL¨v 15 jv¶vwaK| 1960 mv‡j wgDwbwmc¨vj KwgwU‡Z m'm¨ msL¨v wQj 28| Gi g‡a¨ 14 Rb wbe©vwPZ Ges 14 Rb g‡bvbxZ| H m †q wgDwbwmc¨vwjwU 14wU Iqv‡W© wef³ wQj Ges me©gq KZ…©‡Z¡ wQ‡jb wefvMxq Kwgkbvi| †cŠimfvi †Pqvig¨vb, fvBm †Pqvig¨vb, mwPe I Ab¨vb¨ Kg©KZ©ve„›' Gi KvR cwiPvjbv Ki‡Zb| wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi Aax‡b ZLb wQj 69 gvBj cvKv  iv¯—v, 53 gvBj KvuPv iv¯—v, 15wU evRvi, 10wU †dixNvU, 6wU †Mvi¯’vb, 5wU k¥kvb, 5wU KwgwDwbwU †m›Uvi, 6wU 'vZe¨ wPwKrmvjq, 2wU MYcvVvMvi, 10wU D”P we'¨vjq, 6wU evwjKv we'¨vjq, 9wU wbæ we'¨vjq Ges 40wU cÖv_wgK we'¨vjq| c¶vš—‡i eZ©gv‡b i‡q‡Q 84.43 gvBj cvKv iv¯—v| KuvPv iv¯—v 45.58 gvBj, cvKv †Wªb 39.44 gvBi, KuvPv †Wªb 129 gvBj, KwgDwbwU †m›Uvi 6wU, cvK© 7wU, evRvi 15wU, Kei¯’vb 4wU, k¥kvb 5wU, gv'ªvmv 98wU I cÖv_wgK ¯‹zj 19wU|

 

Lyjbv wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi me©‡kl weeZ©b N‡U 1972 mv‡j| evsjv‡'k †jvKvj KvDwÝjm Ges wgDwbwmc¨vj KwgwUi (wWRyjykb G¨vÛ G¨vWwgwb‡óªkb G¨v‡ićg›U) AW©vi-1972 Abyhvqx 1972 mv‡ji 20 Rvbyqvix bvg cwieZ©b n‡q ÔLyjbv †cŠimfvÕ nq| Gi KvR cwiPvjbv Kivi Rb¨ miKvi GKwU KwgwU MVb K‡ib hvi cÖavb ÔG¨vWwgwb‡óUiÕ bv‡g cwiwPZ wQ‡jb| H mg‡qi BDwbqb KwgwU¸‡jv bMi cÂv‡qZ wn‡m‡e cwMwYZ nZ| eZ©gv‡b †gvU 14wU Iq‡W© 29 Rb wbe©vwPZ Kwgkbvi Av‡Qb| weMZ 10/2/1984 mv‡j mvaviY †fv‡U Zviv wbe©vwPZ nb| H GKB w'‡b mvaviY †fv‡U †Pqvig¨vb wbe©vwPZ nb Ges 28/4/84  Zvwi‡L Kwgkbvi‡'i †fv‡U me©m¤§wZµ‡g 3 Rb c¨v‡bj †Pqvig¨vb wbe©vwPZ nb| Zvuiv ‡Pqvig¨v‡bi AeZ©gv‡b 'vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡i _v‡Kb|

 

Gev‡i MZ 100 eQ‡i Lyjbv wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi †cŠimfvi †Pqvig¨vb I fvBm †Pqvig¨vb wn‡m‡e hviv wb‡qvwRZ wQ‡jb Zuv‡'i m¤^‡Ü wKQy Av‡jvPbv Kiv hvK| wewfbœ m~‡Î cÖvß Z_¨ Abyhvqx XvKvi evey wkebv_ 'Ë †PŠa~ixi †R¨vô cyÎ L„óag©vj¤^x †ifv‡iÛ MMb P›'ª 'Ë Lyjbv wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi cÖ_g †Pqvig¨vb (13/12/1884 †_‡K 8/1/1888) wn‡m‡e 'vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡ib| Lyjbv wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi 2q mfv hv 13/121884 mv‡j AbywôZ nq| H mfv‡Z wbe©vwPZ Kwgkbvi‡'i †fv‡U cÖ_g †Pqvig¨vb I fvBm †Pqvig¨vb wbe©vwPZ nb| H w'b Kwgkbvi evey niKvjx gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi cÖ¯—veb&q Ges Kwgkbvi evey Lo‡M¤^i emyi mg_©‡b 8 †fvU †c‡q †ifv‡iÛ MMb P›'ª 'Ë cÖ_g †Pqvig¨vb wbe©vwPZ nb| Aciw'‡K ¯^xqc‡¶ 6 †fvU I wec‡¶ 3 †evU covq evey ˆKjvm P›'ª KvwÄjvj cÖ_g fvBm †Pqvig¨vb nb| cÖ_g KwgwU‡Z huviv Kwgkbvi wQ‡jb Zuviv n‡jb me©evey g‡n›'ª bv_ nvRiv, niKvjx gy‡Lvcva¨vq, Lo‡Mk¦i emy, nwi'vb cvj, Aw¤^Kv PiY †mb, †'‡e›'ª bv_ †mb, KvjxKzgvi miKvi, D‡gk P›'ª †Nvl Ges eiiv Kvš— ivq| c‡i Avevi †ifv‡iÛ MMb P›'ª 'Ë 17/1/1893 †_‡K 18/2/1894 Z…Zxq †Pqvig¨vb wn‡m‡e wbe©vwPZ n‡jb| wZwb MMb evey bv‡g mgwaK cwiwPZ wQ‡jb| †KD †KD e‡jb †h, ZrKv‡j wZwb †KZv 'yi¯— ÔeveyÕ mv‡R mvR‡Zb I ÔwdUdvUÕ Pjv‡div Ki‡Zb| ZvB Zuvi cwiwPwZ ÔMMb eveyÕ bv‡g| Zuvi mi‡Y kn‡ii ÔMMb evey †ivWÕ bvgvw¼Z n‡q‡Q| Zvici wØZxq †Pqvig¨vb wn‡m‡e Av‡mb ZLbKvi wmwfj mvR©b Fwl Aiwe‡›'i evev Wv. K…òab †Nvl (9/1/1888 †_‡K 16/1/1893)| Zuvi bvg Abymv‡i kn‡i †KwW †Nvl †ivW n‡q‡Q| Rbve kvgmyi ingvb cÖ_g gymjgvb fvBm †Pqvig¨vb wn‡m‡e 1921 mv‡j wbe©vwPZ nb Ges 1925 mvj ch©š— wQ‡jb| cieZ©x‡Z 1928 mvj †_‡K 1931 mvj ch©š— Avevi fvBm †Pqvig¨vb wbe©vwPZ n‡qwQ‡jb| †ckvq wZwb AvBbRxex wQ‡jb Ges Zvi bvgvbymv‡i kn‡ii ÔmvgQyi ingvb †ivWÕ n‡q‡Q|

 

wewfbœ R‡bi ci wbe©vwPZ †Pqvig¨vb wn‡m‡e Av‡mb ivq evnv'yi g‡n›'ª Kzgvi †Nvl GgGweGj| wZwb 16/7/1928 †_‡K 31/3/1948 mvj ch©š— 'xN© 20 eQi †Pqvig¨vb wQ‡jb| Lyjbv wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi BwZnv‡m wZwbB 'xN©Zg †Pqvig¨vb| Gi Av‡M 1925 ‡_‡K 1928 ch©š— wZwb Lyjbv wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi fvBm †Pqvig¨vb wQ‡jb| Zuvi †Pqvig¨vb _vKvKvjxb mgqUv Lyjbvi wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi BwZnv‡m ¯^Y©v¶‡i †jLv _vK‡e| †Kbbv †m mg‡q kn‡i †h DbœwZ n‡q‡Q Zv †Kvbw'bI nqwb| GK mv¶vZKv‡i Lyjbvi cÖexYZg e¨w³Z¡ Wv. Aveyj Kv‡mg Rvbvb †h, H mg‡q evsjvi MfY©i Lyjbv md‡i G‡m gš—eª K‡iwQ‡jb- ÔKhulna is a nice little townÕ| c‡i g‡n›'ª evey 1950 mv‡j fvi‡Zi †KvjKvZvq P‡j hvb Ges evsjv‡'k nIqvi ci 11/5/1973 Zvwi‡L †eov‡Z Av‡mb| 15 w'b Lyjbv _vKvKv‡j †cŠifeb, Zuvi nv‡Z Mov †cŠimfvi cÖKí¸wj Ny‡i Ny‡i †'‡Lb| 1977 mv‡ji 15 RyjvB †KvjKvZvi wcwR nvmcvZv‡j wZwb †kl wbtk¦vm Z¨vM K‡ib| †kvbv †M‡Q †h, 1973 mv‡j Lyjbv †_‡K wd‡i hvIqvi mgq 'yÕgy‡Vv Lyjbvi gwU mv‡_ wb‡q hvb Ges Zuvi B”Qvbyhvqx wPZv‡Z †klK…‡Z¨ H gvwU wQwU‡q †'qv nq|

 

Zvici cÖ_g gymjgvb †Pqvig¨vb wn‡m‡e wbe©vwPZ n‡q Av‡mb cÖexb gymwjg jxM †bZv Lvb mv‡ne myjZvb Avn¤§' (1/4/1948 †_‡K 2/12/1955)| wZwb Rwg'vi QvovI †ckvMZ Rxe‡b †gv³vi wn‡m‡e AvBb e¨emv Ki‡Zb| Zuvi c‡i 3/12/1955 mvj †_‡K 27/4/1958 ch©š— miKvi g‡bvbxZ Bó cvwK¯—vb wmwfj mvwf©‡mi Awdmviiv †Pqvig¨v‡bi 'vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡ib| Gi ci b¨vc †bZv G¨vW. Avãyj ReŸvi I ZrKvjxY AvIqvgx jxM †bZv I eZ©gvb †Rjv Rb'j mfvcwZ G¨vW. gwgb DwÏb Avn¤§' (cÖv³b cÖwZgš¿x) h_vµ‡g †Pqvig¨vb I fvBm †Pqvig¨vb wbe©vwPZ nb| Zuviv gvÎ 61 w'b (28/8/1958 †_‡K 27/10/1958) ZvwiL ch©š— H c‡' Avmxb wQ‡jb Ges miKvi AwaMÖn‡Yi d‡j cieZ©x 15 eQi DשKvj miKvix Kg©KZ©viv †Pqvig¨v‡bi 'vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡ib| GB me miKvix Kg©KZ©v‡'i g‡a¨ 21/11/1960 †_‡K 7/9/1963 ch©š— †jt K‡Y©j †'v¯— †gvnv¤§' wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi DbœwZi Rb¨ AvcÖvY †Póv K‡i‡Qb| AvjnvR¡ Aveyj †nv‡mb I giûg Avãyj nvwg' gymwjg jxM †bZ…Øq I fvBm †Pqvig¨vb wQ‡jb|

 

evsjv‡'k nIqvi ci wbe©vwPb w'‡j 20/2/1974 mv‡j b¨vc †bZv MvRx knx'yj­vn Ges AvIqvgxjxM †bZv Rbve Rvwn'yi ingvb Rvwn' h_vµ‡g †Pqvig¨vb I fvBm †Pqvig¨vb wbe©vwPZ nb| Kg©iZ Ae¯’vq GK moK 'yN©Ubvq 1975 mv‡ji 19 Ryb Rbve Rvwn' gviv hvb| Zuvi ¯§„wZ‡K A¤­Ab K‡i ivLvi Rb¨ Zvi evoxi mvg‡bi iv¯—vwU‡K ÔRvwn' moKÕ bvgKiY Kiv nq Ges evsjv‡'k e¨vs‡Ki cv‡k¦© ÔRvwn' ¯§„wZ febÕ ˆZix Kiv n‡q‡Q| GB febwU ‡cŠimfv ÔD‡gl P›'ª jvB‡eªixÕ-‡K n¯—vš—i K‡i‡Q| MvRx knx'yj­vn 14/9/1976 ch©š— †Pqvig¨vb wQ‡jb| Gici Avevi miKvi AwaMÖnY K‡ib| c‡i 59Zg †Pqvig¨Ab wn‡m‡e msm' m'm¨ I AvIqvgx jxM †bZv G¨vW. †gvt Gbv‡qZ Avjx †Rqvig¨vb wbe©vwPZ nb| Kwgkbvi‡'i †fv‡U c¨v‡bj †Pqvig¨vb wn‡m‡e wbe©vwPZ nb me©Rbve Gg Gg'v'yj nK, KvRx †m‡K›'vi Avjx Wvwjg Ges †'L 'wei“j Bmjvg| †Pqig¨vb _vKvKv‡j wZwb ivóªcwZ giûg wRqvDi ingv‡bi Ôevsjv‡'k RvZxqZvev'x 'jÕ-G †hvM †'b Ges mvgwiK kvmb Rvixi ci †'‡ki mKj †cŠimfvi KwgwU evwZj K‡i w'‡j 22/9/1982 Zvwi‡L Zuvi Kvh©Kv‡jj mgvwß N‡U| Gici AwZwi³ †Rjv cÖkvmK (Dbœqb) †gvnv¤§' AvwRRyj nK f~uBqv 26/9/1982 †_‡K ¯^xq 'vwqZ¡ QvovI †cŠi-‡Pqvig¨v‡bi 'vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡ib| gvngvb¨ ivóªcwZ †jt †Rbv‡ij ûmvBb gynv¤§' Gikv' †emiKvix e¨w³‡'i ga¨ †_‡K †'‡ki 77wU †cŠimfvq fvBm †Pqvig¨vb g‡bvbqb w'‡j Avwg 18/7/1983 †_‡K Lyjbv †cŠimfvi fvBm †Pqvig¨vb wn‡m‡e 'vwqZ¡fvi MÖnY Kwi| Rbve f~uBqv I Avwg wgwjZfv‡e 'xN©w'b ci Avevi †cŠimfvi wewfbœ Dbœqg~jK KvR mvgvav Kwi| Zvig‡a¨ D‡j­L‡hvM¨ †nvj bZzb †cŠifeb wbg©vY, Rvwn' ¯§„wZfeb wbg©vY, eo gmwR' msjMœ †cŠi C'Mvn wbg©vY, wjqvKZ cvK© I wkïcvK© wbg©vY, knx' nvw'm cv‡K©i †mŠ›'h©¨ e„w×KiY, UzUcvov I emycvov KeiLvbvi ms¯‹vi mvab, c_-NvU-evRv‡ii DbœwZmvab I †cIj Kg©Pvix‡'i Rb¨ wewfbœ Kj¨vYk~Lx KvR BZ¨vw'| Gici AwZwi³ †Rjv cÖkvmK (Dbœqb) Rbve Gg byi“bœex 24/21984 †_‡K 21/3/2984 ch©š— miKvi g‡bvbxZ †kl †Pqvig¨vb wnm‡e 'vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡ib| AvwgI Lyjbv †cŠimfvi †kl fvBm †Pqvig¨vb wn‡m‡e 21/3/1984 Avgvi 'vwqZ¡fvi Z¨vM Kwi| cÖexb gymjxg jxM †bZv Rbve wmivRyj Bmjvg wbe©vwPZ †Pqvig¨vb wn‡m‡e 21/3/1984 ZvwiL Kvh©fvi MÖnY K‡ib| c‡i wZwb beMwVZ Rb'j-Gi †hvM †'b| 12/12/1984 ch©š— wZwb †Pqvig¨vb c‡' envj wQ‡jb| GB Aí mg‡q iv¯—v, c_-NvU, evRvi ms¯‹vimn †cŠi Rxe‡bi wewfbœ Dbœqg~jK KvR mgvav Kivi AvcÖvY †Póv K‡ib| Kwgkbvi‡'i †fv‡U me©m¤§wZµ‡g c¨v‡bj †Pqvig¨vb wbe©vwPZ nb me©Rbve †kL Aveyj Kv‡mk, †kL AvBqye Avjx I †gv³vi †nv‡mb| ZvivB Lyjbv †cŠimfvi †kl c¨v‡bj †Pqvig¨vb|

 

‡cŠimfvi kZel©c~wZ©‡Z weMZ 36,500 w'‡b Lyjbv †cŠimfv wbijmfv‡e †cŠievmx‡'i Rb¨ wbqwgZ KvR Kiv QvovI we‡kl †h me K©xwZ©i ¯^v¶i †i‡L‡Q Zviv wKQy D‡j­L Kiv cÖ‡qvRb e‡j g‡b Kwi- Zv bv n‡j hviv GB 'xN©w'b KvR K‡i †M‡jb Zv‡'i cÖwZ AwePvi Kiv n‡e|

 

‡cŠimfvi Dbœqbg~jK Kv‡Ri Ab¨Zg †nvj Ôcwb mieivn (IqvUvi IqvK©m)Õ| Lyjbv wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi 1896 mv‡ji 26 ‡gÕi m'viY mfvq GKwU IqvUvi IqvK©m M‡o †Zvjvi cÖ¯—ve MÖnY Kiv nq| H mg‡q cvwb mieiv‡ni e¨e¯’v ïaygvÎ cyKz‡ii Dci wbf©ikxj wQj| me©e„nr cvwb mieiv‡ni Drm wQj miKvix weªK wdì U¨vsK| GQvov wQj †e‡bLvgvi U¨v¼, †K¬ U¨v¼, eqiv U¨v¼, KqjvNvU U¨v¼ I wgR©vcyi U¨v¼mg~n| 1896 mv‡j cÖ¯—ve cvk n‡jI 10 eQ‡ii †ekx mgq †j‡M hvq AvaywbK ÔIqvUvi IqvK©mÕ Pvjy Ki‡Z| dwi'cyi wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi AbyKi‡Y 1906 mv‡ji 23 A‡±vei ó¨vÛvW© mgq mKvj mvo‡ mvZUvq ZLbKvi wWwóªK g¨vwR‡óªU Gi D‡Øvab K‡ib| 'yÕwU m¨vÛwdëv‡ii gva¨‡g cvj‡mvwgUvi cv¤ú Øviv cvwb mieivn ïi“ Kiv nq| GwU ˆZix‡Z 21,119 UvKv e¨q nq, hvi g‡a¨ miKvix Aby'vb wQj 5,500 UvKv, wWwóªK †evW© Aby'vb †'q 6000/- UvKv Ges bovB‡ji Rwg'vi evey b‡i›'ª f~lY iv‡qi e¨w³MZ 'vb wQj 2000/- UvKv| Aewkó 7619/- UvKv †cŠimfvi Znwej †_‡K †'qv nq| Gi K›Uªv±i wQ‡jb cÖL¨vZ BwÄwbqvi ivq mv‡ne ew¼gP›'ª gRyg'vi| c‡i 1929 mv‡j †Pqvig¨vb ivq evnv'yi g‡n›'ª †Nv‡li Avg‡j Gi ms¯‹vi mvab K‡i 20 nvRvi M¨vjb cvwb aviY ¶gZv m¤úbœ eZ©gvb evsjv‡'k e¨vsK‡i cv‡k¦© Aew¯’Z †jvnvi Ifvi †nW U¨vsK I †dixNvU †K¬ U¨vsK GjvKvq 50 nvRvi M¨vjb aviY ¶gZv m¤úbœ Avi GKwU Ifvi †nW U¨vsK ¯’vcb K‡i iv¯—vi eû ¯’v‡b Ges †cŠievmx‡'i evox‡Z me©cÖ_g cvwb mieivn cÖeZ©b Kiv nq| Gi wbg©vY e¨qfv‡ii g‡a¨ wWwóªK †evW© 10 nvRvi UvKv enb K‡i Ges Aewkó wgDwbwmc¨vwjwU enb K‡i| c‡i g‡n›'ª evey ˆfie ó¨vÛ †iv‡W m'i nvmcvZv‡ji cv‡k b'xi cv‡o 1 weNv 7 QUvK Rwg †cŠimfvi Rb¨ µq K‡i GKwU cvw¤ús †ókb ¯’vcb K‡ib Ges b'x †_‡K cvwb cv¤ú K‡i †cŠife‡bi mgv‡b msiw¶Z U¨vs‡K ˆdjv †nvZ| 1933 mv‡j GB U¨v¼wU‡K Lbb K‡i AvqZb e„w× Kiv nq Ges 1934 mv‡j ‰e'¨ywZK †gvUi PvwjZ cv‡¤úi Øviv cvwb mieivn Kiv nq|

 

cvK© t e„wUk hyM †_‡K ïi“ K‡i AvR ch©š— eyn Av‡›'vjb, MY-Av‡›'vjb I msMÖv‡gi mv‡_ Rvwo Av‡Q †cŠi fe‡bi mvg‡b Aew¯’Z Lyjbvi †K›'ªx cvK©wU| †'‡ki me ivR‰bwZK '‡ji, QvÎ '‡ji, kªwK msMV‡bi, mvs¯‹…wZK cÖwZôv‡b, ag©xq Rjmv, gxbevRvi cÖf„wZ mai‡Yi Rb¨ GB cvK© e¨eüZ nq| GB me Kv‡Ri e¨env‡ii mg‡q †cŠievmx I wkgy‡'i AeKvk hvc‡bi hv‡Z weNœ bv nq †mRb¨ Avgv‡'i Avg‡j †jvnvi †iwjs Øviv cvK©wUi DËivsk‡K Avjv'v K‡i g‡bvig mv‡R mvwR‡q ivLv nq| hZ'yi Rvbv hvq ,me©cÖ_‡g GB cvK©wUi bvg wQj ÔwgDwbwmc¨vj cvK©Õ| Gici bvgKiY nq ÔMvÜx cvK©Õ| K‡e GB bvgKiY nq †m ¤^‡Ü wØgZ Av‡Q| Wv. Aveyj Kv‡k‡gi g‡Z 1921 mv‡j gvnvZ¥v MvÜx Lyjbvq Av‡mb| wZwb Lvwjkcyi evey hvwgbx Kzgvi wek¦v‡mi Avgª‡g Av‡mb Ges Zuvi mv‡_ Avjx åvZ…Øq- †gvnv¤§' Avjx I kIKZ Avjx wQ‡jb| Avkª‡g e³„Zvi ci eZ©gvb cwj‡UKwbK BwÝwówUD‡Ui Kv‡Q †ijµwms-G LyjbvMvgx †Uªb _vwg‡q Zv‡Z gB jvwM‡q MvÜxwR I Zvi mnMvgx‡'i Zz‡j †'qv nq Ges Lyjbv †ók‡b †cŠu‡Q †ókb fe‡bi mvg‡b eZ©gv‡bi D¤§y³ PZ¡‡i wZwb Ges Avjx fvBØq e³„Zv K‡ib| Avevi gxi Avgxi Avjxi g‡Z 1925 mv‡ji 16 Ryb MvÜxwR, Zvjvi ˆmq' Rvjvi DwÏb nvkgx I Wygywiqvi gvIjvbv Avn¤§' Avjx cÖg~L e¨w³iv wgDwbwmc¨vj cv‡K© eZ…Zv †'b Ges cieZ©xKv‡j ivq evnv'yi g‡n›'ª †Nvl cvK©wUi bvg ÔMvÜx cvK©Õ K‡ib| wKš‘ GKwU e¨vcvi j¶¨bxq †h, MvÜxwR hLb cv‡K© e³„Zv †'b ZLb wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi †Pqvig¨vb wQ‡jb evey KzÄ wenvix gyLvR©x Ges g‡n›'ª evey †Pqvig¨vb nb 16/7/1928 Zvwi‡L| ZvB g‡b nq bvgKiY g‡n›'ª evey K‡ibwb| Z‡e MvÜxwRi AvMg‡bB GB bvgKiY n‡qwQj| 1939 mv‡j diIqvW© e­K †bZv †bZvRx myfvl P›'ª emy GB cv‡K© mfv K‡ib Ges Zuvi m¤§v‡b mg_©Kiv mvZvkwU †Nvovi Mvox mnKv‡i wgwQj †ei K‡i Zuv‡K kn‡i Av‡bb| Gici 1940 mv‡ji 2 †d«eyiqvix gymwjg jxM †bZv Lvb Avãym mey‡ii cÖ‡P÷vq Pzqvwj­kwU †Mvovi Mvox mnvK‡i wgwQj Kv‡i ZLbKvi evsivi wmwfj mvc­vB gš¿x Rbve †nv‡mb knx' †mvnivIqv'©x‡K MvÜx cv‡K© Avbv nq Ges wekvj Rbmfvq wZwb fvlY †'b| GB mfvi D‡'¨v³viv H w'b cv‡K©i bvg Zvi bvgvbymv‡i Ôknx' cvK©Õ K‡ib| Z‡e †cŠimfvq †m cwieZ©b †iKW© Kiv nqwb| 1940 mv‡j ÔwbwLj evsjv †gwW‡Kj Kbdv‡iÝÕ GB cv‡K© AbywôZ nq| 1945 †_‡K 1947 mv‡ji g‡a¨ e½xq AvBb cwil‡'i ¯úxKvi ˆmq' bI‡ki Avjw, †KvjKvZv K‡c©v‡ik‡bi †gqi I cÖv³ g~L¨gš¿x †k‡i evsjv Rbve Aveyj Kvjvg †gvnv¤§' dRjyj nK I gš¿x LvRv bvwRgDwÏbmn eû e‡iY¨ e¨w³eM©‡K GB cv‡K© msea©bv Rvbv‡bv nq| c‡i 1947 mv‡ji 14 AvMó †'k wefv³ n‡j, Lyjbv fvi‡Zi Aš—f~³ n‡q 4 w'b fviZxq ivóvaxb _vKvi ci 18 AvMó ïµevi Lyjbv cvwK¯’v‡bi Aš—f©~³ nq| H w'b wQj GKB m‡½ C' I weRqv| cvwK¯—v‡b Aš—f©w³i cÖ‡Póvq mv_©KZv jvf Kivi ci H iv‡Z ewikv‡j G·‡cÖm †Uª‡b †KvjKvZv †_‡K Lyjbvq c'vc©Y Ki‡j, me©Rbve Lvb G meyi, Gm Gg G wgRvbmn Ab¨vb¨ †bZ…eM©‡K ex‡ivwPZ msea©bv †'qv nq| weRq Dj­v‡m GB cv‡K©i bvg cwieZ©b K‡i †mw'b ÔwRbœvn cvK©Õ ivLv nq Ges cvwK¯—v‡bi cZvKv Dwo‡q weRq mfv Kiv nq GB cv‡K©| GB cv‡K© eûevi gRjyg Rb‡bZv gvIjvbv Avãyj nvwg' Lvb fvmvbx, e½eÜz †kL gywReyi ingvb QvovI ZrKvjxb cwðg cvwK¯—v‡bi eû †bZviv mfv K‡i †M‡Qb| c‡i cvwK¯—vb we‡ivax RbgZ cÖej n‡j Avevi GB cvK© ÔwgDwbwmc¨vwjwU cvK©Õ bv‡g AwfwnZ n‡Z _v‡K| cvw¯—v‡bi †cÖwm‡W›U wdì gvk©vj Avqye Lvb we‡ivax MYAv‡›'vj‡b GK ch©v‡q 1969 mv‡ji 21 †deª“qvix we‡¶vf wgwQj hLb nvRx gnmxb †ivW¯’ †cŠi-‡Pqvig¨vb fe‡bi mvg‡b w'‡q hvw”Qj, ZLb H feb cÖniviZ cywjk‡'i ¸wj‡Z †h K‡qKRb knx' nb Zv‡'i g‡a¨ wQ‡jb †'vKvb Kg©Pvix nvw'm, Lyjbv †U·UvBj wg‡ji kªwgK AvjZvd Ges Lªxó ag©vj¤^x ¯‹zj QvÎ cÖ'xc| knx' nvw'‡mi RvbvRv cv‡K© AbywôZ nq Ges †mw'b †_‡K cv‡K©i bvg Òknx' nvw'm cvK©Ó Kiv nq, hv AvRI cÖPwjZ| GB cv‡K© 'yÕRb ivóªcwZ‡K bvMwiK msea©bv †'qv n‡q‡Q Zvuiv n‡jb giûg †Rbv‡ij wRqvDi ingvb, †jt †Rt ûmvBb gynv¤§' Gikv' (2/12/1984)

 

cv‡K©i 'w¶Y †Kv‡Y AvR †h Ô †K›'ªxq knx' wgbviÕwUÕ i‡q‡Q †mwUI †cŠimfi GKwU we‡kl Ae'vb| 1952 mv‡ji fvlv Av‡›'vj‡b 21 †deª“qvixi knx'‡'i ¯§i‡Y GB knx' wgbviwU ˆZix Kivi Rb¨ evsjv GKv‡Wgxi eZ©gvb gnvcwiPvjK I ZrKvjxY fvicÖvß †cŠi cÖkvmK KvRx †gvt gbRyi-G-gIjv (wmGmwc) kn‡ii wewkó MY¨gvb¨ e¨w³, wk¶vwe', Kwe, mvwnwZ¨K, mvsevw'K, QvÎ cÖf„wZ wewfbœ ¯—‡ii m~axR‡bi GK mfv †cŠi †Pqvig¨v‡bi K‡¶ Wv‡Kb| mfvq Lv‡j' ikx‡'i cÖ¯—veµ‡g Ges Avgvi mg_©‡b cv‡K©i H 'w¶Y †Kv‡Yi ¯’vbwU wba©vwiZ nq| ¯^vaxbZv hy‡×i mgq Rbve Lv‡j' ikx' whwb Ô¸i“Õ e‡j mevi Kv‡Q cwiwPZ wQ‡jb, Wygywiqvi GK MÖv‡g ivRvKvi‡'i nv‡Z knx' nb e‡j Rvbv †M‡Q| hvB †nvK, †h‡nZz 1971 mv‡ji 21 †deª“qvix mgvMZ ZvB †cŠimfv, wewfbœ QvÎ msMVb I Ab¨vb¨ cÖwZôvb¸‡jvi wgwjZ D‡'¨v‡M ZwoNwo K‡i GKwU knx' wgbvi ˆZix Kiv nq| 1971 G msMÖvgx Lyjbvi cÖvY‡K›'ª wQj GB knx' wgbvi| knigq we‡¶vf K‡i me wgwQj wd‡i G‡m‡Q GB knx' wgbv‡i| AvMvgx w'‡bi msMÖv‡gi kc_ wb‡q Zvici †kl n‡q‡Q cÖwZwU wgwQj| Avevi †Kvb †Kvb mgq mviv kni †_‡K mevB mg‡eZ n‡q‡Q GB knx' wgbv‡i- Zvici ïi“ n‡q‡Q we‡¶vf wgwQ‡ji hvÎv| Ggwb GKwU ¯§iYxq w'b wQj 1971 Gi 3iv gvP©- mviv kni †_‡K R½x RbZv Rgv‡qZ n‡jv GB knx' wgbv‡i| Zvici we‡¶vf †ei n‡jv we‡¶vf wgwQj- mvg‡b †Lvjv Rx‡c †bZ…e„›', Zvici mvB‡Kj wi·vq gvBK evuav Ges †cQ‡b nvRvi nvRvi RbZvi wgwQj| wgwQjwU cv‡K©i cvwbi U¨vs‡Ki cv‡ki †jvqvi h‡kvi †ivW a‡i mvwK©U nvD‡Ri w'‡K hvw”Qj| eZ©gvb †Uwj‡dvb G·‡P‡Äi Kv‡Q ZLbKvi †Uwj‡dvb G·‡PÄ feb wQj hv 1971 Gi 16 wW‡m¤^i cvK evwnbx aŸsm K‡i| H fe‡b †mw'b cvK †mbviv cÖnivq wQj| Zviv gyljav‡i ¸wj Qyo‡jv Avi †mB ¸wj el©‡Y AvqKi wefv‡Mi mnKvix Rqbvj Av‡e'xb Qvov AviI 5Rb knx' nb| c‡i 1971 mv‡j GwcÖ‡ji cÖ_g mßv‡n evsjv‡'k we‡ivax e¨w³iv cÖKv‡k¨ w'ev‡jv‡K knx' wgbviwU‡K Akvjxbfv‡e Aegvbbvi ci aywjm¨vr K‡i †d‡j| Gici evsjv‡'k n‡j cÖ_g wbev©wPZ †Pqvig¨vb MvRx knx'yj­vn 1 j¶ 13 nvRvi UvKvi cybtwbgv©Y K‡i 1976 mv‡ji 21†k †deª“qvix knx' wgbviwU D‡Øvab K‡ib|

 

†jwWR cvK© t Gici Av‡m we¯§„wZi Aš—iv‡j Zwj‡q hvIqv Lyjbv wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi Ô†jwWR cvKÕ| Avnmvb Avn‡g' †ivWwU evsjv‡'k e¨vsK- Gi cv‡ki †MU †hLv‡b wg‡j‡Q, †mLv‡b myD”P wU‡bi †MvjvK…wZ QvDwbhy³ †h wUjvwU Av‡Q, †mUvB GKKv‡ji HwZn¨evnx Ô†jwWR cvK©Õ| 1933 mv‡ji 12B b‡f¤^i ZLbKvi Lyjbvi wWwóªK g¨vwR‡óªU wgt †K, G, Gj nxj GB cv‡K©i wfwË cÖ¯—i ¯’vcb K‡ib| ZLb ivq evnv'yi g‡n›'ª Kzgvi †Nvl wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi †Pqvig¨vb wQ‡jb| ˆZixKvjxY mg‡q G‡K †Pqvig¨v‡bi bvgvbymv‡i Ôg‡n›'ª ¯‘cÕ ejv n‡Zv- c‡i †jwWR cvK© bvgKiY nq| 1958 mvj ch©š— Lyjbvi gwnjv I wkï‡'i Rb¨ GwU wQj GKgvÎ cvK©| wKš‘ †óU e¨vsK Ae cvwK¯—v‡bi (eZ©gvb bvg cwiewZ©Z n‡q evsjv‡'k e¨vsK) Lyjbv gvLvi feb ˆZixi Rb¨ GB cvK© e¨vs‡Ki Rb¨ ûKzg 'Lj Kiv nq| GB ûKzg 'L‡ji wei“‡× †cŠimfvi cÖv³b †Pqvig¨vb G¨vWt Avãyj ReŸv‡ii ¯¿x †eMg †Rv‡e'v Lvbg RbM‡Yi c¶  †_‡K gvgjv ÔFRy K‡ib Ges G¨vWt AvIQvdzi gvgjv cwiPvjbv K‡ib| c‡i gwnjv‡'i Rb¨ nvRx gnmxb †iv‡W †cŠi †Pqvig¨vb fe‡bi †cQ‡bi RvqMvq cvK© Kivi K_v nq| wKš‘ †m cvK©wU AvRI ˆZix nqwb| AvR †m RvqMvq GKvs‡ki cÖ‡KŠkjx‡'i AvevwmK feb wbgv©Y Kiv n‡q‡Q|

 

†cŠi feb t 1899 mv‡j †Pqvig¨vb wewcb wenvix †m‡bi cÖ‡Póvq eZ©gvb †cŠi fe‡bi †MvovcËb Kiv nq| c‡i wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi †jvK msL¨v evo‡j Ges Kv‡Ri cwiwa Qwo‡q co‡j H fe‡b ¯’vb msKzjvb bv nIqvq 1930 mv‡j †Pqvig¨vb ivq evnv'yi g‡n›'ª Kzgvi †Nvl †cŠi feb msjMœ evey hZx›'ª bv_ ivnvi evMvbevox I Ab¨vb¨‡'i Rwg †_‡K 9 KvVv 10 QUvK Rwg Lwi' K‡i ev‡KiMÄ wWwfk‡bi Gw·wKDwUf BwÄwbqv‡ii Avby‡gv'bµ‡g eZ©gvb †Pqvig¨v‡bi Kvhv©jq K¶wU Ges c~‡e©i D‡gkP›'ª cvewjK jvB‡eªixi Rb¨ e¨eüZ evg I Wvb cv‡ki K¶ 'yÕwU 1931 mv‡j g~j fe‡bi mv‡_ ms‡hvRb K‡ib| c‡i 1944 mv‡j †'vZjvq wgjbvqZb Ges bx‡Pi g~j fe‡bi DËi AskwU 13,607/- UvKv e¨‡q wZwb wbgv©Y K‡ib| GB †cŠi wgjbvqZbwU ÔwgDwbwmc¨vj njÕ bv‡gB mgwaK cwiwPZ| Z‡e 1969 mv‡ji 21 †deª“qvix nvRx gnmxb †iv‡W cywj‡ki ¸wj‡Z nv'xm AvjZvd I cÖ'xc knx' nb| AvjZvd wQ‡jb Lyjbv †U·UvBj wg‡ji kªwgK- Zvui bvgvbymv‡i njwUi bvg Ôknx' AvjZvd wgjbvqZbÕ †emiKvix fv‡e ivLv nq| AvR †hLv‡b ÔbMi febÕ †jLv Av‡Q †mLv‡b Ôknx' AvjZvd wgjbvqZbÕ †jLv wQj| GB †cŠi wgjbvqZb eû e‡iY¨ gwbwl-Kwe, mvwnwZ¨K, m½xZÁ I †bZ…e„‡›'i c'aywj †c‡q‡Q- Zv‡'i g‡a¨ D‡j­L‡hvM¨ n‡jb- †gŠjvbv Avãyj nvwg' Lvb fvmvbx, e½eÜz †kL gywReyi ingvb, L›'Kvi gykZvK Avn‡g', Lvb G meyi, Aa¨vcK gyRvddi Avn‡g', DcPvh© W. G, Avi gwj­K, Kwe Rwmg DwÏb, Kwe kvgmyi ingvb, Kwe Avnmvb nvexe, W. Avkivd wmwÏKx, I¯—v' gyÝx iBm DwÏb, Aa¨vcK Kexi †PŠayix, Aa¨vcK gybxi †PŠayix, wkíx Rqbyj Av‡e'xb, wkíx Kvgi“j nvmvb, K_vwkíx nvmvb AvwRRyj nK, Jcb¨vwmK Avey BmnvK, Kwe Avey Rvdi wmwÏK, mvsevw'K kªx wbg©vj †mb, Rbve Avn‡g' ûgvqyb, †gvnv¤§' ‡Zvnv, mvwnwZ¨K G Gd Gg G Rjxj, HwZnvwmK †K Avjx cÖg~L|

 

Ggwbfv‡e MZ GK‡kv eQ‡i iv¯—v-NvU, cvK© nvmcvZvj cvwb mieivn, evRvi ˆZix, MY-cÖ¶vjb, KwgDwbwU †m›Uvimn eû RbKj¨vYg~jK KvR †cŠimfvi c¶ †Z‡K Kiv n‡q‡Q|

 

1982 mv‡jj mvgwiK AvB‡bi e‡j †'‡ki mKj †cŠimfvi cwiPvjbvi 'vwqZ¡ 26/9/1982 †_‡K miKvix Kg©KZ©v‡'i nv‡Z b¨¯— Kiv nq wKš‘ c‡i miKvi Dcjwã K‡ib †h, G KvR m¤ú~Y©fv‡e miKvix Kg©KZ©v‡'i Øiv m¤¢e bq| ZvB miKvi mvgwiK wewa Øviv 1983 mv‡ji 1 RyjvB †_‡K †'‡ki mKj †cŠimfvq †emiKvix e¨w³‡'i‡K fvBm †Pqvig¨vb wn‡m‡e g‡bvbqb †'b Ges †mB myev‡'i Avwg Lyjbv †cŠimfvi fvBm †Pqvig¨vb wn‡m‡e g‡bvbxZ nB| weMZ 29/9/1983 Zvwi‡L XvKvq evqZzj †gvKviig fe‡b Aew¯’Z BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb cvVvMv‡i ‡'‡ki mKj fvBm †Pqvig¨vb‡'i mv‡_ cÖv³ ¯’vbxq miKvi, cj­x Dbœqb I ag© welqK gš¿x Rbve gvneyei ingv‡bi mv‡_ AbywôZ mfv‡Z Avwg Lyjbv †cŠmfv‡K Ô‡cŠi K‡c©v‡ikbÕ G DbœxZ Ki‡Yi 'vex DÌvcb Kwi| wKš‘ Lyjbv †cŠimfvi Zid †_‡K Gi Av‡M c×wZMZfv‡e miKv‡ii Kv‡Q †Kvb Av‡e'b bv Kivq †Kvb AMÖMwZ m¤¢e nqwb Ges gš¿x mv‡n‡ei Dc‡'kµ‡g K‡c©v‡ik‡bi DbœxZKi‡Yi cÖ_g c'‡¶c wn‡m‡e Lyjbv †cŠimfvq 69Zg mvaviY mfvq wb‡æv³ cÖ¯—ve MÖnY Kiv nq-

 

Bs‡iRx 27/10/1983 ZvwiL e„n¯úwZevi †ejv 11 NwUKvq Lyjbv †cŠimfvi †Pqvig¨vb I AwZwi³ †Rjv cÖkvmK (Dbœqb), Lyjbv, Rbve †gvt AvwRRyj nK f~uBqvi mfvcwZ‡Z¡ Zuvnvi 'ßiK‡¶ AbywôZ 69Zg mvaviY mfvi Kvh©¨ weeiYx-

 

Av‡jvP¨ welq t Lyjbv †cŠimfv‡K K‡c©v‡ik‡b DbœxZKiY cÖ¯—ve m¤ú‡K© Av‡jvPbv I wm×vš— MÖnY|

 

wm×vš— t Lyjbv †cŠimfv‡K K‡c©v‡ik‡b DbœxZ Kwievi cÖ¯—vewU jBqv mfvq Dcw¯’Z mKj m'm¨mg~n Av‡jvPbvq AskMÖnY K‡ib| Dcw¯’Z mKj m'm¨B Lyjbv †cŠimfv‡K K‡c©v‡ik‡b DbœxZ Kivi ¯^c‡¶ Zv‡'i ¯^ ¯^ hyw³ cÖ'k©b K‡ib| B‡Zvc~‡e© Lyjbv †cŠimfvK K‡c©v‡ik‡b DbœxZ Kwievi Rb¨ wewfbœ mfv-mwgwZi gva¨‡g miKv‡ii Kv‡Q †h Av‡e'bivLv n‡q‡Q †m m¤ú‡K© D‡j­L K‡i fvBm-‡Pqvig¨vb Rbve gwbi“j û'v e‡jb †h, Avwg weMZ 29/9/1983 Zvwi‡L XvKvq AbywôZ †cŠimfvi fvBm-‡Pqvig¨vb‡'i m‡¤§j‡b miKv‡ii wbKU Ab¨vb¨ 'vexi g‡'¨ Lyjbv †cŠimfv‡K AbwZwej‡¤^ K‡c©v‡ik‡b DbœxZ Kivi 'vex ivwL| wKš‘ G e¨vcv‡i Kzjbv †cIimfv n‡Z †Kvb AvbyôvwbK cÖ¯—ve bv _vKvq welqwU wb‡q Avi AMÖmi nIqv m¤¢e nq bvB| G Dcj‡¶ Kwgkbvi Rbve 'wei“j Bmjvg e‡jb †h, h_vµ‡g weMZ 29/3/1983 I 24/5/1983 Zvwi‡L h‡kvi I XvKvi m‡¤§j‡b AvwgI Lyjbv †cŠimfv‡K K‡c©v‡ik‡b DbœxZ Kivi Rb¨ cÖ¯—ve ivwL Ges Gi †cÖw¶‡Z ¯’vbxq miKvi, cj­x Dbœqb I mgevq Ges ag© welqK gvbbxq gš¿x Rbve gvnveyeyi ingvb Avk¦vm †'b †h, Lyjbv †cŠimfv‡K K‡c©v‡ik‡b DbœxZ bv K‡i †Kvb hyw³ †'qv hvq bv Ges G e¨vcv‡i ¸i“Z¡ mnKv‡i we‡ePbv Kiv n‡e|

 

we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbv‡š— me©m¤§wZµ‡g wbæwjwLZ Kvi‡Y AbwZwej‡¤^ Lyjbv kni‡K Ô‡g‡UªvcwjUb wmwUÕ †NvlYv I Lyjbv †cŠimfv‡K K‡c©v‡ik‡b DbœxZ Kivi Rb¨ m'vkq miKv‡ii wbKU cÖ¯—ve †cÖi‡Yi Rb¨ wm×vš— M„nxZ nq|

 

(1) Lyjbv †cŠi GjvKvi RbmsL¨v 1981 mv‡ji Av'gïgvix Abyhvqx hw'I 6,23,184 Rb wQj| wKš‘ ev¯—‡e eZ©gv‡b Gi msL¨v 10 j¶waK| KviY wkíbMix wn‡m‡e Lyjbv kn‡i wecyj msL¨K fvmgvb RbmsL¨v we'¨gvb I RbmsL¨v ¯^vfvweK e„w×| GQvov we‡ePbv‡hvM¨ msL¨K Aev½vjx mgv‡ek Lyjbv kn‡i GKwU GjvKv Ry‡o Aem_vb K‡i Av‡Q| D‡j­L¨ †h, m'vkq miKvi weMZ 2/12/81 Zvwi‡L Gm Avi I 386-Gb/81/Gm-16/G-1/80 bs †bwUwd‡Kkb gvidZ Lyjbv †cŠimfv msjMœ †'ŠjZcyi I dzjZjv _vbvi Aaxb †h 10wU †gŠRv Avievb GjvKv wn‡m‡e †NvlYv K‡i‡Qb, †mB 10wU †gŠRv‡K Lyjbv †cŠimvi mv‡_ mshy³ Ki‡j †cŠimfv‡K K‡c©v‡ik‡b DbœxZ Kivi kZ© wn‡m‡e me©wbæ 10 j¶ RbmsL¨vi †h gvÎv mvaviYZ: aiv nq, Gi A‡bK D‡×© 'vovq|

 

(2) Lyjbv evsjv‡'‡ki Z…Zxq e„nËg bMix| GB kn‡ii bvMwiK, Av_©-mvgvwRK I kvwš—-k„•Ljvi mgm¨v DˇivËi e„w× cv‡”Q| Lyjbv-gsiv I XvKv-Lyjbv mo‡Ki D‡Øvab GB mgm¨v‡K Av‡iv cÖKU K‡i Zzj‡e|

 

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